You’ve probably seen a lot of trees, and maybe even grown a few on your own property. But, how well do you understand trees and their pruning requirements? You should think about a few things. learn here
To understand why tree pruning is so important, you must first understand how a tree works. The tree is essentially a complex living organism with its own self-sustaining system. Trees absorb carbon from the atmosphere and convert it into sugars, which they use to make cellulose and lignin. Through their roots, trees absorb water as well as other vital nutrients. The tubular system of vessels known as the xylem transports these nutrients to the leaves. The tree then uses the minerals and sugars to produce flowers and fruit.
It’s understandable if you’re not sure why trees need to be pruned. Pruning is primarily done to improve the tree’s structure. Pruning is essentially the controlled removal of branches, so clearing broken branches is a benefit. You may need to prune the tree if it is planted too close to a structure. Only prune trees that require it, as removing a large branch can allow disease to enter through the wound, or simply weaken the tree by removing a large portion of the leaf material. Branches must be removed safely, which necessitates the use of specialised equipment and training. In many cases, you’ll need to delegate this task to experienced arborists.
Understanding how branches work is necessary to properly prune a tree. They begin as buds that develop into twigs over time. The branches grow in tandem with the tree’s incremental growth, which results in a ring of growth. The branch bark ridge is the point on the branch where it attaches itself to the tree. The final cut should be no more than a third of the stem/branch in order to keep the pruning wound as small as possible. When removing a branch, make the final cut from the bark ridge to the collar as close to the collar as possible. The risk of disease increases when a large branch is removed. Fungi and bacteria can enter the tree through the wound, causing a variety of problems.
Pruning should not be done on a haphazard basis. In general, late spring and early summer are the best times to do it because the leaves have had time to harden. There are some exceptions, such as Walnut, Maple, and Birch trees, which all bleed sap when pruned in the spring. Wait until the middle of the summer or the middle of the winter to prune these trees.